History/Historical Figures | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Clara Dennis

    Clarissa Archibald Dennis, travel writer, photographer, motorist (born 24 November 1881 in Truro, NS; died 16 February 1958 in Halifax, NS). Beginning around 1930, Clara Dennis spent a decade travelling across Nova Scotia by car. She was one of the first travel writers from Nova Scotia to write about the province. Her books and photographs documented the people and places in the far corners of the area.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/ClaraDennis/ClaraDennisPortrait.jpg Clara Dennis
  • Article

    Claude Chauchetière

    Claude Chauchetière, Jesuit missionary, painter (b at St-Porchaire-de-Poitiers, France 7 Sept 1645; d at Québec City 17 Apr 1709).

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Claude Chauchetière
  • Article

    Claude de Boutroue d'Aubigny

    Claude de Boutroue d'Aubigny, chevalier, INTENDANT of New France 1668-70 (b at Paris, France 1620; d in France 1680). A Parisian judge and member of the noblesse de robe, Boutroue served as intendant of Canada between Jean TALON's first and second terms.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Claude de Boutroue d'Aubigny
  • Article

    Claude de Ramezay

    Claude de Ramezay, (born 15 June 1659 in La Gesse, France; died 31 July 1724 in Quebec City). Claude de Ramezay came to New France as an officer in the troupes de la marine. He served as governor of Trois-Rivières (1690–99), commander of Canadian troops (1699–1704), governor of Montreal (1704–24), and as acting governor general of New France (1714–16). Throughout his time in New France, he pursued fur trade and lumber interests. He is also remembered for his home, Château Ramezay. Built in 1705, it is now a museum and one of Montreal’s landmark historical buildings.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/ClaudedeRamezay/Claude_de_Ramezay.jpg Claude de Ramezay
  • Article

    Claude-Thomas Dupuy

    Claude-Thomas Dupuy, lawyer, intendant of NEW FRANCE 1725-28 (b at Paris, France 10 Dec 1678; d near Rennes, France 15 Sept 1738). From a bourgeois family Dupuy became a lawyer in the parlement of Paris and in 1720 purchased the office of maître des requêtes.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Claude-Thomas Dupuy
  • Article

    Clement Ligoure

    Clement Courtenay Ligoure, physician (born 13 October 1887 in Trinidad; died 23 May 1922 Port of Spain, Trinidad). Dr. Ligoure was Halifax’s first Black doctor and an unsung hero of the Halifax Explosion, as he treated hundreds of patients free of charge in his home medical office. Dr. Ligoure was also instrumental in the formation of the No. 2 Construction Battalion, Canada’s first and only all-Black battalion (see Black Canadians; Caribbean Canadians).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/clementligoure/clementcourtenayligoure.jpg Clement Ligoure
  • Article

    Clovis (Llano)

    These big-game hunters sought mammoths, mastodons, camels and horses that were native to North America at the time. Following the retreat of the Wisconsin glaciers, these animals became extinct, hastening the end of this stage of North American Prehistory.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/f28e80bc-14da-4c69-b71c-6e16f91ed72d.jpg Clovis (Llano)
  • Article

    Commission of Government

    The Commission of Government in Newfoundland was established in response to an extraordinary set of circumstances.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Commission of Government
  • Article

    Company of One Hundred Associates

    The Company of New France, or Company of One Hundred Associates (Compagnie des Cent-Associés) as it was more commonly known, was formed in France in 1627. Its purpose was to increase New France’s population while enjoying a monopoly on almost all colonial trade. It took bold steps but suffered many setbacks. The company folded in 1663. It earned little return on its investment, though it helped establish New France as a viable colony.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/e4ec1e55-01c2-4b77-a220-f05a84fd4c9c.jpg Company of One Hundred Associates
  • Article

    Coureurs des bois

    Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France. They were known as “wood-runners” to the English on Hudson Bay and “bush-lopers” to the Anglo-Dutch of New York. Unlike voyageurs, who were licensed to transport goods to trading posts, coureurs des bois were considered outlaws of sorts because they did not have permits from colonial authorities. The independent coureurs des bois played an important role in the European exploration of the continent. They were also vital in establishing trading contacts with Indigenous peoples.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/2a01defb-42f2-4ad3-b7f1-cf7966378002.jpg Coureurs des bois
  • Article

    Coureurs de côtes

    ​The coureurs de côtes were itinerant traders in 18th-century French Canada.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 Coureurs de côtes
  • Article

    Cowboys and Cowgirls in Canada

    Cowboys and cowgirls are people employed to tend cattle or horses. The first cowboys to work on the Canadian prairies arrived in the 1870s. The traditional cowboy lifestyle has since given way to a more contained, corporate model of ranching. But the romanticized image of the cowboy on the “open range” lives on as a symbol of the prairies. Today, the terms cowboy and cowgirl can refer to ranch workers or rodeo competitors. Click here for definitions of key terms used in this article.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/CowboysandCowgirls/Branding_1959.jpg Cowboys and Cowgirls in Canada
  • Article

    Crown

    In a monarchy, the Crown is an abstract concept or symbol that represents the state and its government. In a constitutional monarchy such as Canada, the Crown is the source of non-partisan sovereign authority. It is part of the legislative, executive and judicial powers that govern the country. Under Canada’s system of responsible government, the Crown performs each of these functions on the binding advice, or through the actions of, members of Parliament, ministers or judges. As the embodiment of the Crown, the monarch — currently King Charles III — serves as head of state. The King and his vice-regal representatives — the governor general at the federal level and lieutenant-governors provincially — possess what are known as prerogative powers; they can be made without the approval of another branch of government, though they are rarely used. The King and his representatives also fulfill ceremonial functions as Head of State.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/Royal_Coat_of_Arms_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg.png Crown
  • Collection

    Acadian Heritage

    This collection explores the rich heritage of the Acadians through articles and exhibits, as well as quizzes on arts and culture, history and politics, historical figures, and places associated with the Acadian people.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/0988fc77-c4b5-410f-8147-ffcf8bb53fa6.jpg Acadian Heritage
  • Article

    Cuthbert Grant

    Cuthbert Grant, fur trader, Métis leader (born circa 1793 in Fort de la Rivière Tremblante, SK; died 15 July 1854 in White Horse Plains, MB). Grant led the Métis to victory at Seven Oaks in 1816 and founded the Métis community Grantown (later St. François Xavier), Manitoba, in 1824. Today, Cuthbert Grant is hailed as a founder of the Métis nation. (See also Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/9707db63-926b-4e0f-acc4-a97b63a8c695.jpg Cuthbert Grant