Politics & Law | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    John Black Aird

    John Black Aird, lawyer, senator, corporate director and lieutenant governor (b at Toronto 5 May 1923; d there 6 May 1995). Following graduation from Osgoode Hall Law School, Aird joined a Toronto law firm which currently bears his name.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_296037069.jpg John Black Aird
  • Article

    John Bracken

    For the next 2 decades he led a careful government, dealing as well as anyone could in a province with limited financial resources with the problems of the Great Depression.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/9c331ad7-5171-4573-9df5-4edbbdde2c57.jpg John Bracken
  • Article

    John Brant (Ahyonwaeghs)

    John Brant (Ahyonwaeghs), Kanyen’kehà:ka (Mohawk) Grand Chief, Indian Superintendent (born 27 September 1794 near Brantford, ON; died 27 August 1832 near Brantford, ON). John Brant was the son of Joseph Brant, Kanyen’kehà:ka (Mohawk) chieftain and the first Indigenous person to receive a commission in the British Army, as a captain in 1757. Brant was also the nephew of Robert Johnson Kerr, who was the son of Major General Sir William Johnson and brother-in-law of Joseph Brant.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/cfac3a97-835e-4f71-afd4-2afa69cd9c84.jpg John Brant (Ahyonwaeghs)
  • Article

    John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir

    John Buchan Tweedsmuir, 1st Baron, seeBUCHAN.

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    https://d3d0lqu00lnqvz.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_1914396647.jpg John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir
  • Article

    John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir

    John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, author, governor general of Canada 1935-40 (b at Perth, Scot 26 Aug 1875; d at Montréal 11 Feb 1940). Buchan published 6 books of fiction, poetry and history while an Oxford undergraduate.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_1914396647.jpg John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir
  • Article

    John Buchanan

    John MacLennan Buchanan, premier of Nova Scotia 1978–90, senator 1990–2006, lawyer (born 22 April 1931 in Sydney, NS; died 3 October 2019). A master political campaigner, Buchanan was the longest-serving Conservative premier in Nova Scotian history, and was among the leaders who negotiated the accord to repatriate Canada’s Constitution in 1982.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/14d884ec-b477-4a30-a072-cd80179815bb.jpg John Buchanan
  • Article

    John Callihoo

    John Callihoo, politician, Indigenous-rights leader (born on Michel First Nation, Alberta 1882; died in St Albert, Alberta 11 Aug 1957). Of Haudenosaunee-Cree descent and self-educated, he was a freighter and then a farmer, but his leadership capabilities soon made him a rallying point for Indigenous causes.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Flickr/4892749341_a5c8b85f32---resized.jpg John Callihoo
  • Article

    John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen

    John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, Earl of Aberdeen from 1870 to 1916, governor general of Canada from 1893 to 1898 (born 3 August 1847 in Edinburgh, United Kingdom; died 7 March 1934 in Tarland, United Kingdom). As governor general, the Earl of Aberdeen and his wife, Lady Aberdeen, focused on social welfare and engaging with Canadians of various backgrounds and cultures, setting precedents for the philanthropic initiatives of future governors general. Aberdeen also owned an estate in the Okanagan Valley and pioneered commercial fruit growing in the region.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/6b8d8274-d4e0-44b1-af19-70ed0a166816.jpg John Campbell Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen
  • Article

    John Crosbie

    John Carnell Crosbie, OC, lawyer, politician, lieutenant-governor of Newfoundland and Labrador 2008–13 (born 30 January 1931 in St John's, NL; died 10 January 2020 in St. John’s, NL).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/1095px-Andrew_Scheer_&_John_Crosbie.jpg John Crosbie
  • Article

    John de Chastelain

    A.J.G.D. (John) de Chastelain, twice Canada's Chief of the Defence Staff, Ambassador to the US, head of the International Commission on Decommissioning in Northern Ireland (b on 30 July 1937 at Bucharest, Romania).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_86571413152_1.jpg John de Chastelain
  • Article

    John Diefenbaker

    John George “Dief the Chief” Diefenbaker, PC, CH, KC, FRSC, prime minister 1957–63, politician, lawyer (born 18 September 1895 in Neustadt, ON; died 16 August 1979 in Ottawa, ON). John Diefenbaker was Canada’s 13th prime minister. He was well known as a defence lawyer before his election to Parliament, and was an eloquent spokesman for “non-establishment” Canada. A supporter of civil rights for all, Diefenbaker championed the Canadian Bill of Rights and the extension of the right to vote to First Nations peoples. He also played an important role in the anti-apartheid statement that led to South Africa’s departure from the Commonwealth in 1961. He was a charismatic and popular speaker; but he was also a divisive force within the Progressive Conservative Party. He was criticized for his indecision concerning nuclear missiles on Canadian soil; for his strained relations with US President John F. Kennedy; and for his cancellation of the Avro Arrow project.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/43c5f766-3240-4962-878e-f9973d4e3052.jpg John Diefenbaker
  • Article

    John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne

    John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Lorne from 1847 to 1900, governor general of Canada from 1878 to 1883, author (born 6 August 1845, in London, United Kingdom; died 2 May 1914 in Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom). As governor general of Canada, Lorne founded the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and the National Gallery of Canada and undertook extensive tours of western Canada, proposing the names Alberta and Lake Louise in honour of his wife, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta. Lorne’s patronage of Canadian artists set precedents for future governors general and his books promoted Canadian landscapes, culture and history to a wide international audience.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/0746f948-7b04-432a-94db-c34dff15cb31.jpg John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne
  • Article

    John Duncan MacLean

    John Duncan MacLean, politician, premier of BC 1927-28 (b at Culloden, PEI 8 Dec 1873; d at Ottawa 28 Mar 1948). He taught in prairie schools and in BC, and became a principal in Rossland, BC, before going to McGill.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_71875507130.jpg John Duncan MacLean
  • Article

    Ed Broadbent (John Edward Broadbent)

    John Edward Broadbent, academic, politician, leader of the New Democratic Party 1975-1989 (born 21 March 1936 in Oshawa, ON).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/0a831d85-281f-4f89-a40c-52a641656c1d.jpg Ed Broadbent (John Edward Broadbent)
  • Article

    John Edward Brownlee

    When the UFA won the 1921 Alberta election, he became attorney general and helped organize the ALBERTA WHEAT POOL.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/2c962bff-c4e1-42f6-a7e1-a07d041ea471.jpg John Edward Brownlee

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