Politics & Law | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne

    John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, Marquess of Lorne from 1847 to 1900, governor general of Canada from 1878 to 1883, author (born 6 August 1845, in London, United Kingdom; died 2 May 1914 in Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom). As governor general of Canada, Lorne founded the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and the National Gallery of Canada and undertook extensive tours of western Canada, proposing the names Alberta and Lake Louise in honour of his wife, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta. Lorne’s patronage of Canadian artists set precedents for future governors general and his books promoted Canadian landscapes, culture and history to a wide international audience.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/0746f948-7b04-432a-94db-c34dff15cb31.jpg John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquess of Lorne
  • Article

    John Duncan MacLean

    John Duncan MacLean, politician, premier of BC 1927-28 (b at Culloden, PEI 8 Dec 1873; d at Ottawa 28 Mar 1948). He taught in prairie schools and in BC, and became a principal in Rossland, BC, before going to McGill.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Duncan MacLean
  • Article

    Ed Broadbent

    John Edward Broadbent, CC, PC, politician, academic, Member of Parliament 1968–89 and 2004–06, leader of the New Democratic Party 1975–1989 (born 21 March 1936 in Oshawa, ON; died 11 January 2024 in Ottawa, ON). Ed Broadbent was a political science professor before he entered politics as a democratic socialist. He served as a New Democratic Party (NDP) Member of Parliament (MP) for 23 years. He was the leader of the NDP through four elections between 1975 and 1989. He was also president of the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development and founded the Broadbent Institute, a progressive think tank. Recognized as a “giant” in Canadian politics and “a fierce champion for ordinary Canadians,” Broadbent was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 2001.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/16793723719_1553ec54a7_c.jpg Ed Broadbent
  • Article

    John Edward Brownlee

    When the UFA won the 1921 Alberta election, he became attorney general and helped organize the ALBERTA WHEAT POOL.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/2c962bff-c4e1-42f6-a7e1-a07d041ea471.jpg John Edward Brownlee
  • Article

    John Edward Niel Weibe

    John Edward Niel Weibe (Jack), farmer, politician, lieutenant-governor of Saskatchewan (b at Herbert, Sask 31 May 1936). Weibe farmed at Herbert and became an active Liberal under the tutelage of Ross Thatcher, his local MLA and future premier of Saskatchewan.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Edward Niel Weibe
  • Article

    John Erskine Read

    John Erskine Read, lawyer, judge (b at Halifax 5 July 1888; d at Toronto 23 Dec 1973).

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Erskine Read
  • Article

    John Everett Robbins

    John Everett Robbins, educator, diplomat (b at Hampton, Ont 9 Oct 1903; d at Regina 7 Mar 1995). He taught school in Saskatchewan for 3 years before entering U of Man. He later gained a PhD from U of Ottawa.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Everett Robbins
  • Article

    John Fitz-William Stairs

    John Fitz-William Stairs, merchant, shipper, politician (b at Halifax 19 Jan 1848; d there 24 Sept 1904). Eldest son of William Stairs, MLA and a leading merchant, Stairs studied at Dalhousie. Elected to the NS Legislative Assembly in 1879, he resigned in 1882.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Fitz-William Stairs
  • Article

    John Foote, VC

    John Weir Foote, VC, Presbyterian minister, soldier, Member of (Ontario) Provincial Parliament, cabinet minister (born 5 May 1904 in Madoc, ON; died 2 May 1988 in Cobourg, ON). During the Second World War, Honorary Captain John Foote was the only Canadian chaplain to be awarded the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for bravery among troops of the British Empire.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/b426e7bf-e0d1-4d4b-a592-700a96ab8f4f.jpg John Foote, VC
  • Article

    John Hamm

    John Frederick Hamm, premier of Nova Scotia 1999-2006, physician, politician, (born 8 April 1938 in New Glasgow, NS). After a career as a family physician, Hamm moved into provincial politics in 1993 and became premier in 1999 — the first premier in 40 years to balance the province’s budget.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/ac4856c1-9787-4ff9-8762-67adb5fb396c.jpg John Hamm
  • Article

    John Galt

    John Galt, novelist, colonial promoter (born 2 May 1779 in Irvine, Scotland; died 11 April 1839 in Greenock, Scotland). Galt was superintendent (1826–29) of the Canada Company, a colonization company created to settle part of Upper Canada (Ontario). During that time, he founded the town of Guelph (1827); the town of Galt (now part of Cambridge) was named after him.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/a03fa073-a395-45c8-a7a3-8ae328595103.jpg John Galt
  • Article

    John Godfrey

    John Ferguson Godfrey, academic, editor, politician (b at Toronto 19 Dec 1942). A surprising choice to become editor of the Financial Post in 1987, Godfrey was educated at University of Toronto and Oxford, where he studied French history.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg?v=e9dca980c9bdb3aa11e832e7ea94f5d9 John Godfrey
  • Article

    John Graves Simcoe

    John Graves Simcoe, army officer, lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (born 25 February 1752 in Cotterstock, Britain; died 26 October 1806 in Exeter, Britain). Simcoe served as an officer with the British army in the American Revolutionary War, but is best known to Canadians as the first lieutenant-governor of the new British colony of Upper Canada, which later became Ontario.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/342717cc-5eef-45bd-93f9-737ea5b09a60.jpg John Graves Simcoe
  • Article

    John Hamilton Gray (New Brunswick)

    John Hamilton Gray, QC, premier of New Brunswick, judge, lawyer (born 1814 in St. George, Bermuda; died 5 June 1889 in Victoria, BC).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/47b511c4-17bc-487a-8948-be2b988b5757.jpg John Hamilton Gray (New Brunswick)
  • Article

    John Hamilton Gray (PEI)

    John Hamilton Gray, premier of Prince Edward Island (1863–64), politician, military officer and administrator (born 14 June 1811 in Charlottetown, PE; died 13 August 1887 in Charlottetown).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/d45f0343-b56e-4c57-b281-38b9c0039498.jpg John Hamilton Gray (PEI)