Places | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Baker Lake (Qamani'tuaq)

    Baker Lake (a.k.a. Qamani’tuaq), Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1977, population 2,069 (2016 census), 1,872 (2011 census). The hamlet of Baker Lake is located at the northwest end of Baker Lake, about 280 km west of the mouth of Chesterfield Inlet on Hudson Bay. The community is approximately at the geographic centre of Canada. Baker Lake is the only inland Inuit community in Nunavut.

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  • Article

    Balaklava Island

    Balaklava Island, 8 km2, situated off the N coast of Vancouver Island, is located between Nigel and Hurst islands, and is flanked by Queen Charlotte Str in the N and Goletas Channel in the S. It is 15 km NW of Port Hardy, BC. This tiny island has a lighthouse at Scarlett Pt (1905) to aid shipping.

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  • Article


    Sheriff Alexander C. Macdonell, Selkirk's agent, struggled for years at considerable expense to the earl to make a success of the venture, but found the swampy land and the difficulty of sheep farming to be serious obstacles.

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  • Article


    Balgonie, Sask, incorporated as a town in 1907, population 1625 (2011c), 1384 (2006c). The Town of Balgonie is located 24 km east of Regina, between Pilot Butte and McLean on the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) main line. The name refers to Balgonie Castle in Scotland.

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  • Article


    Balmoral, NB, incorporated as a village in 1972, population 1719 (2011c), 1706 (2006c). The Village of Balmoral is located in northern New Brunswick, 12 km southwest of Dalhousie and named for Balmoral Castle in Scotland.

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  • Article

    Balmoral Grist Mill

    Balmoral Grist Mill in Balmoral Mills, NS, was built in about 1874 by Alexander MacKay. The mill is located on Matheson's Brook and was once just one of 5 mills on the brook. It was used to grind local stocks of wheat, oats, barley, rye and buckwheat to produce flour and oatmeal.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Balmoral Grist Mill
  • Article

    Balzac Archaeological Site

    The Balzac Archaeological site (Borden No. EhPm-34) is a late prehistoric camp and bison-processing site that was occupied from ca 2000 Before Present (BP) to 1850 AD.

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  • Article


    Banff, Alta, incorporated as a town in 1990, population 7584 (2011c), 6700 (2006c). The Town Banff is located on the Bow River in the Canadian Rockies, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, 128 km west of Calgary.

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  • Article

    Banff Centre for the Arts

    Banff Centre for the Arts (Banff School of Fine Arts, 1933-89). In 1991 one of three divisions of the Banff Centre for Continuing Education, so named in 1978 when the Alberta Legislature proclaimed the Banff Act establishing the Banff School of Fine Arts as an autonomous institution.

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  • Article

    Banff National Park

    Banff National Park (established 1885, 6,641 km2) is Canada's first and most visited National Park.

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  • Article

    Banff Springs Hotel

    Fairmont Banff Springs (formerly Banff Springs Hotel) is a luxury hotel located in Banff National Park. (See also National Parks in Canada; Alberta.) This famous Canadian building is an excellent example of a resort hotel. It is known for its architectural design within a natural setting (the Rocky Mountains) as well as its ability to support a thriving sports and leisure culture. The hotel was developed as part of the Canadian Pacific Railway’s network of hotels, which were constructed across Canada in order to encourage the use of its transcontinental lines. Known as the “Castle in the Rockies,” the architecture of the Fairmont Banff Springs is predominantly in the Scottish Baronial style, featuring an Arts-and-Crafts interior.

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  • Article

    Banks Island

    Banks Island, 70 028 km2, fifth-largest island in Canada, is the westernmost island of the Arctic Archipelago.

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  • Article

    Bar U Ranch

    ​Bar U Ranch, officially known as the North West Cattle Company, was founded in 1882 in the southern foothills of the Rocky Mountains, in what would become the province of Alberta. Nicknamed “Bar U” after the shape of its cattle brand, the ranch was one of the largest of the ranches dominating the prairies in the late 1800s. In the early 1990s, Parks Canada bought Bar U with the aim of turning it into a public place commemorating Canada’s ranching history. The Bar U Ranch National Historic Site opened in July 1995.

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  • Article

    Barachois Pond Provincial Park

    One of the largest of 48 parks in Newfoundland and Labrador, Barachois Pond Provincial Park (established 1962, 35 km2), is located at the head of St George's Bay, 70 km south of Corner Brook along the Trans-Canada Highway.

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  • Article


    Barkerville is a preserved and dynamic gold-rush town in the British Columbia interior. Each summer, its rich history during the Cariboo Gold Rush and subsequent gold mining in the area is demonstrated for visitors from all over the world.

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