Arts & Culture | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Armed Forces Bands in Canada

    Large regimental bands first came to Canada in the late 18th century. By 1869, there were some 46 bands in the Canadian militia. The first regular armed forces bands in Canada were formed in 1899. Their main purpose has been to provide music for military or public functions. As of 2023, there were a total of 73 bands in the Canadian Armed Forces: 53 in the Army, 12 in the Air Force, and 8 in the Navy.

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    Armenian Music in Canada

    Beginning about 1900, but mostly from 1950 to 1965, some 20,000 Armenians emigrated to Canada from the Middle East.

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    Arrowhead Sash

    Traditionally made of wool and intricately finger-woven into a colourful lengthwise “zigzag” pattern, they have numerous names, including “arrowhead,” “Indian,” “Métis” and “voyageur” sashes.

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    Objects of curiosity as well as of conquest, the Indigenous people of the New World were first depicted on maps by illustrators who had no direct knowledge of their subject.

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    Editorial: Canadian Art and the Great War

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated. Canadian painting in the 19th century tended towards the pastoral. It depicted idyllic scenes of rural life and represented the country as a wondrous Eden. Canadian painter Homer Watson, under the influence of such American masters as Frederic Edwin Church and Albert Bierstadt, created images that are serene and suffused with golden light. In On the Mohawk River (1878), for instance, a lazy river ambles between tall, overhanging trees; in the background is a light-struck mountain. In Watson’s world, nature is peaceful, unthreatening and perhaps even sacred.

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    Art Association of Montreal

    ​The Art Association of Montreal, the forerunner of the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, was founded in 1860.

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    Art Conservation and Restoration

    Art Conservation and Restoration, see Conservation of Movable Cultural Property.

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    Art Dealers

    Art dealers in Canada have served as art dealers everywhere, not only as sellers of art but as tastemakers. Since they act as a link between the work of art and the art-buying public, they have an important role in the identification of who is important in Canadian art.

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    Art Education

    William Berczy, circa 1781-82, watercolour (courtesy NGC). Art Education Art Education is a term that has referred historically to the intensive training given to artists for professional or personal purposes. The three principal contexts for this instruction have been within the apprenticeship system, in specialized institutions such as art academies or art schools, and, more recently, as an aspect of a wider curriculum offered in colleges, arts and crafts schools, universities and private educational institutions....

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    Art Illustration

     The earliest printed image relating to Canada is a bird's-eye view of Hochelaga and environs, published by Giovanni Ramusio in Venice in 1556.

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    Art Writing and Criticism

    Art Writing and Criticism date for the most part from the 1950s.

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    Section 23 and Francophone Education outside of Quebec

    Section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms ensures the right to instruction in French or English to the children of the francophone and anglophone minority communities in all of Canada’s provinces. Section 23 allows francophones to establish French-language school boards in each of the majority-anglophone provinces. Thanks to this key provision of the Charter, francophones outside of Quebec and anglophones in Quebec can pursue their education in their own language.

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    Artists' Organizations

    The history of visual artists' groups in Canada is filled with short-lived societies which have had a major influence on both professional and amateur artists.

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    Arts and Crafts Movement in Canada

    The Arts and Crafts movement in Canada consisted of architects, teachers, and craftspeople who worked with progressive patrons to integrate beautiful handcraftsmanship into everyday living.

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    Arts and Culture Centre

    Public building opened 22 May 1967. It was designed by Cummings and Campbell of St John's and Lebensold, Affleck, their Montreal associates, with acoustic design by Russell Johnson Associates.

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