Communities & Sociology | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Women's Musical Clubs

    Women's musical clubs. Associations of music lovers formed with the aim of improving the members' knowledge and appreciation of music, enriching the concert life of the local community, and encouraging young artists.

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  • Article

    Women's Organizations

    In the early 19th century affluent women grouped together at the local level for charitable and religious purposes. They set up shelters and orphanages to help needy women and children, and worked for their churches through ladies' auxiliaries.

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  • Article

    Women's Studies

    Women's Studies (also referred to as Feminist Studies) is a generic label for a diverse and fast growing area of knowledge.

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  • Article

    Workers' Educational Association

    Workers' Educational Association, was founded in Toronto in 1918 by university professors and trade unionists interested in providing, on the model of the British WEA, noncredit evening classes for working people.

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  • Article

    Workers Unity League

    Workers Unity League the Workers Unity League (WUL) is a national trade union federation that was formed in 1929 on the initiative of the Communist Party Of Canada in line with the decision of the Communist International (Comintern) in 1928 that communists break with their previous policy of working inside existing labour parties and labour unions to push for more militant stances. The new policy stressed the need for revolutionary organizations independent of the existing...

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  • Article

    Working-Class History

    Working-class history is the story of the changing conditions and actions of all working people. Most adult Canadians today earn their living in the form of wages and salaries and thus share the conditions of dependent employment associated with the definition of "working class."

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    Working Class History: Québec

    ​Most adult Canadians earn their living in the form of wages and salaries and are therefore associated with the definition of "working class." In Québec, working people and unions have played an essential role in the province's development.

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  • Article

    Working Class History: English Canada

    ​Most adult Canadians earn their living in the form of wages and salaries and are therefore associated with the definition of "working class." Less than a third of employed Canadians typically belong to unions. Unionized or not, the struggles and triumphs of Canadian workers are an essential part of the country's development.

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  • Article

    World Sikh Organization of Canada

    The World Sikh Organization (WSO) of Canada is a non-profit organization. As an advocate for human rights in Canada, Punjab and around the world, WSO Canada has been involved in several significant court cases. This has helped develop Canadian human rights laws and customs.

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    Young Men's Christian Association

    The Young Men's Christian Association is a worldwide charitable organization that offers a wide range of opportunities for the development of persons in spirit, mind and body and service to the human community.

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  • Article

    Young Women's Christian Association

    The Young Women's Christian Association co-operates closely with the YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION in many Canadian communities but has retained its distinct identity.

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  • Article

    Music of the Former Yugoslavia in Canada

    Patterns of immigration to Canada from this south-central European country are considered in EMC entries for Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia - four of the republics and cultures which constitute the political and geographic entity of Yugoslavia.

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  • Article


    Zed is the name of the letter Z. The pronunciation zed is more commonly used in Canadian English than zee. English speakers in other Commonwealth countries also prefer the pronunciation zed. As zed is the British pronunciation and zee is chiefly American, zed represents one of the rare occasions in which most Canadians prefer the British to the American pronunciation. Use of zee is often stigmatized among Canadian English speakers, which is likely the reason why zee has not taken root as quickly as other influences from American English.

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