Plants | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Plants"

Displaying 1-15 of 160 results
  • Article


    Alder, tree or shrub of genus Alnus of birch family. The 30 known species are found mainly in the northern hemisphere; 3 are native to Canada.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Alder
  • Article


    They are mostly photosynthetic organisms whose body is termed a thallus (ie; they lack leaves, stems and roots). All the photosynthetic forms possess chlorophyll a as their primary photosynthetic pigment. Algae also form unprotected reproductive structures.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Algae
  • Article


    Anemone, or wind flower, perennial, herbaceous plant of genus Anemone, family Ranunculaceae.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Anemone
  • Article


    Representative specimens are usually labelled with their common and scientific names, family name and the country of origin may appear as well. The parents of hybrids may also be indicated.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Arboretum
  • Article


    Ash (Fraxinus), genus of trees or shrubs of olive family (Oleaceae). About 60 species occur worldwide, primarily in cold temperate regions; 4 are native to Canada.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Ash
  • Article


    Aspen, deciduous, hardwood tree in genus Populus of Willow family. Trembling (quaking) aspen (P. tremuloides) and largetooth aspen (P. grandidentata) are native to Canada.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Aspen
  • Article


    Aster [Lat, "star"], the common name applied mainly to 2 herbaceous genera (Aster and Callistephus) of flowering plants in family Compositae or Asteraceae. Over 250 species of true Aster are known worldwide. Of 52 Aster species native to Canada, about 40 have been brought under cultivation. A.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Aster
  • Article

    Autumn Colours

    In spring and summer the most abundant substance in leaves is chlorophyll, which gives them their green colour. Chlorophyll is essential for photosynthesis, the process which converts the energy of sunlight into sugar. Sunlight is also necessary for the synthesis of chlorophyll itself.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Autumn Colours
  • Article


    Bearberry, or kinnickinnick, trailing, evergreen shrub of heather family. Flexible, rooting branches grow up to 2 m long, are covered with reddish, shreddy bark and bear alternate, dark green, oval leaves.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Bearberry
  • Article


    Beech (Fagus), genus of trees of beech family (Fagaceae). Ten species occur worldwide; one, American beech (F. grandifolia), is native to North America.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Beech
  • Article


    Biological studies of individuals and groups of organisms can occur at various levels (eg, molecular, cellular, anatomical, functional, behavioural, ecological and evolutionary).

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Biology
  • Article


    Birch (Betula), genus of trees and shrubs of birch family (Betulaceae). About 50 species are found in Arctic and northern temperate regions worldwide

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Birch
  • Article

    Blue-green Algae

    Blue-green Algae, now known as Cyanobacteria, are named for the blue-green pigment phycocyanin which along with chlorophyll a gives them a blue-green appearance. This led to Cyanobacteria being called blue-green algae before the kingdom Monera was recognized.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Blue-green Algae
  • Article


    Bluebell, common name for several plants with bell-shaped flowers of Campanulaceae and Boraginaceae families.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Bluebell
  • Article

    Boreal Zone

    The boreal zone is Canada’s largest vegetation zone, making up 55 per cent of the country’s land mass. It extends from Yukon and northern British Columbia in the west to Newfoundland and Labrador in the east. While much of the region is covered by forest, it also includes lakes, rivers, wetlands and naturally treeless areas. The boreal zone is home to diverse wildlife, and is crucial to maintaining biological diversity, storing carbon, purifying air and water, and regulating the climate. With more than 2.5 million Canadians living in the boreal zone, the forest also provides these rural communities with jobs and economic stability.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Boreal Zone

Challenge yourself - take the CC Quiz!

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a project of Historica Canada, a non-profit, nonpartisan organization devoted to teaching Canadians more about our shared country.  We also produce the Heritage Minutes and other programs. If you believe all Canadians should have access to free, impartial, fact-checked, regularly updated information about Canada’s history and culture in both official languages, please consider donating today. All donations above $3 will receive a tax receipt.

Book a Speaker