Teams | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    1972 Canada-Soviet Hockey Series (Summit Series)

    For many Canadians, particularly baby boomers and Generation X, the eight-game hockey series between Team Canada and the national team of the Soviet Union in September 1972 provided the greatest moment in Canada’s sporting history. Most expected that Canada would handily defeat the Soviet Union, but this confidence quickly disappeared when Canada lost the first game. The series was tied heading into the final game in Moscow, which ended in dramatic fashion, with Paul Henderson scoring in the final seconds to give Canada the victory. The series became as much a Cold War political battle of democracy versus communism and freedom versus oppression as it was about hockey. The series had a lasting impact on hockey in Canada and abroad.

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  • Article

    BC Lions

    The BC Lions are a professional football franchise that plays in the West Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL). Since 1954, the team has won six Grey Cup championships.

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  • Article

    Calgary Flames

    The Calgary Flames are a franchise in the National Hockey League based in Calgary, Alberta. The Flames won the Stanley Cup in 1989.

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  • Article

    Calgary Stampeders

    The Calgary Stampeders are a professional football team that plays in the West Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL). The Stampeders are one of the nine founding teams of the CFL and have won the Grey Cup eight times, most recently in 2018. The team played its first game in 1945 and has won the second-most CFL West Division championships, with 17.

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  • Article

    Canada at 2022 FIFA World Cup

    The 2022 FIFA World Cup took place from 20 November to 18 December 2022. The 22nd edition of the World Cup was the first to be held in an Arab nation: Qatar. It was Canada’s first men’s World Cup appearance since 1986. Canada qualified for the 2022 World Cup by finishing first among CONCACAF qualifiers. Canada set numerous team and individual records throughout the qualifying campaign, most notably a CONCACAF record for the longest undefeated streak (17 games) in a qualifying campaign. Alphonso Davies scored Canada’s historic first-ever goal at a FIFA World Cup. Canada was eliminated in the first round after losing 1–0 to Belgium, 4–1 to Croatia and 2–1 to Morocco.

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  • Article

    Canadian Olympic Hockey Teams

    Hockey is Canada's national winter game and arguably its greatest contribution to world sport, and this prowess undeniably translates to the Olympic arena as well.

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  • Article

    Oxford University Ice Hockey Club

    Through the formation of the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club (OUIHC), Canadian students at the University of Oxford helped bring Canadian hockey rules to prominence in Europe, thus influencing the development of British and European ice hockey.

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  • Article

    Canada's Forgotten Baseball History

    Baseball has much deeper roots in Canada than most people realize. Baseball was once so popular in Canada that there was even talk of making it our national sport. The story goes back far enough. The first game was played in Beachville, Ontario, about 40 km east of London, on 4 June 1838, with a ball of twisted yarn covered in calfskin and a club carved from cedar. In the audience was a battalion of Scottish volunteers on their way to mop up the remnants of the Upper Canada Rebellion. This baseball game took place seven years before the founding of the first American baseball team, New York’s Knickerbocker Base Ball Club.

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  • Macleans

    CFL Takes Over Toronto Argonauts

    FOR A HALF-DOZEN seasons, I've sat with friends a few rows up from a couple of TORONTO ARGONAUT season-ticket-holders who often come to SkyDome carrying briefcases.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on August 11, 2003

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  • Article

    Edmonton Elks

    The Edmonton Elks (formerly the Edmonton Football Team, or EE Football Team, and the Edmonton Eskimos) is a community-owned football team that plays in the West Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL). In the CFL’s modern era (post-Second World War), the team has won the second-most Grey Cup championships (14). This included three victories in a row from 1954 to 1956 and an unprecedented five straight championships from 1978 to 1982. The club also holds the North American professional sports record for reaching the playoffs in 34 consecutive seasons (1972–2005). Notable alumni include former Alberta premiers Peter Lougheed and Don Getty, former lieutenant-governor of Alberta Norman Kwong, former Edmonton mayor Bill Smith, and former NFL star Warren Moon.

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  • Article

    Edmonton Grads

    The Edmonton Grads (1915–40) was a women’s championship basketball team coached by Percy Page. During their 25 years as a team, the Grads won an astounding 95 per cent of their matches. The Grads were national and world champions, often defeating their opponents by lopsided scores. The team won the Underwood International Trophy (USA–Canada) for 17 years straight (1923 to 1940), and was undefeated in 24 matches held in conjunction with the Olympic Summer Games in 1924, 1928 and 1936. The Grads were named to Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 2017.

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  • Article

    Edmonton Mercurys

    The Edmonton Mercurys, a team consisting of amateur hockey players, was the last Canadian hockey team to win an Olympic gold medal until 2002. The 1952 win at Oslo was the fifth gold medal in six Winter Olympics to that point for Canada.

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  • Article

    Edmonton Oilers

    The Edmonton Oilers are a hockey team in the National Hockey League (NHL) and are based in Edmonton, Alberta. The Oilers have won five Stanley Cup championships.

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  • Macleans

    Expos Bought by Loria

    An ardent baseball fan since the 1950s and a minority owner of the Montreal Expos, Mark Routtenberg concedes that even his passion for the Grand Old Game waned during the past year.This article was originally published in Maclean's Magazine on December 13, 1999

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  • Article


    Forum. Montreal arena, home of the famous hockey team the Canadiens, and the site of many sporting, musical, and stage events. Situated at the corner of Atwater and Ste-Catherine streets, it is the property of the Canadian Arena Co.

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