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1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG)

1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG) is a formation of the Canadian Army. There are eight units in the brigade group: an armoured regiment, artillery regiment, combat engineer regiment, headquarters and signals squadron, two mechanized and one light infantry battalions and a service battalion. Brigade Group headquarters is located in Edmonton, Alberta.


Significant Events in Canadian History

The significance of an event cannot be measured scientifically. Every historian, journalist or student could make their own lists. This selection is meant to draw attention to a number of events in Canadian history that left an indelible mark on the lives of the people of the time and an indisputable memory in the minds of later generations.


12e Régiment blindé du Canada

12e Régiment blindé du Canada (12e RBC) is the junior of three regular armoured regiments in the Canadian Army. The regiment was established in 1871 as a militia infantry battalion and was converted to an armoured regiment in 1936. In 1968, the Regular Force regiment was formed, designated 12e RBC. The regiment or detached squadrons have served in peace operations and in Afghanistan. 12e RBC has been based at CFB Valcartier, Quebec, since 1968 and is part of 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division.


1492 Land Back Lane

1492 Land Back Lane refers to the site of a protest in Caledonia, Ontario, in July 2020, where Haudenosaunee protestors – known as land defenders – occupied a housing development they argue stood on unceded Six Nations territory. 1492 Land Back Lane is part of a long-standing issue between the Haudenosaunee, settlers and the government over land rights in Caledonia, dating back to the Haldimand Proclamation of 1784.


1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada

The 1793 Act to Limit Slavery in Upper Canada was the first legislation in the British colonies to restrict the slave trade. The Act recognized enslavement as a legal and socially accepted institution. It also prohibited the importation of new slaves into Upper Canada and reflected a growing abolitionist sentiment in British North America. Click here for definitions of key terms used in this article.


1890 Flu Pandemic in Canada

The 1889–90 flu, sometimes called the Russian or Asiatic flu, has been described as the first global influenza pandemic. It spread along modern transportation routes, especially railway networks. Canada experienced outbreaks across the country. While this pandemic was less deadly than the next major flu in 1918, its survivors may have been at greater risk than others during the 1918 pandemic.


1901 Royal Tour

The 1901 Royal Tour by the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (the future King George V and Queen Mary, grandparents of Queen Elizabeth II) showcased the Canadian Pacific Railway and set key precedents for future royal tours in the 20th and 21st centuries.


1918 Spanish Flu in Canada

The most damaging pandemic of influenza — for Canada and the world — was an H1N1 virus that appeared during the First World War. Despite its unknown geographic origins, it is commonly called the Spanish flu. In 1918–19, it killed between 20 and 100 million people, including some 50,000 Canadians.


1939 Royal Tour

​The 1939 royal tour by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth was the first time a reigning Canadian monarch had set foot in this country. It was the most successful royal tour in Canadian history, with enormous crowds greeting the royal couple as they crossed the country by train. The tour, which included a four-day visit to the United States, also reinforced critical Anglo-Canadian and Anglo-American relations on the eve of the Second World War.


1972 Canada-Soviet Hockey Series (Summit Series)

For many Canadians, particularly baby boomers and Generation X, the eight-game hockey series between Team Canada and the national team of the Soviet Union in September 1972 provided the greatest moment in Canada’s sporting history. Most expected that Canada would handily defeat the Soviet Union, but this confidence quickly disappeared when Canada lost the first game. The series was tied heading into the final game in Moscow, which ended in dramatic fashion, with Paul Henderson scoring in the final seconds to give Canada the victory. The series became as much a Cold War political battle of democracy versus communism and freedom versus oppression as it was about hockey. The series had a lasting impact on hockey in Canada and abroad.


1984 National Assembly Shooting

At 9:45 a.m. on Tuesday, 8 May 1984, a 25-year-old army corporal entered the National Assembly in Quebec City and opened fire, shooting 16 people and killing three. The shooter had expressed his desire to “destroy” the Parti Quebecois government then in power. The shooter sat in the Speaker’s chair in the legislature, periodically firing a submachine gun. The Assembly’s Sergeant-at-Arms, Rene Jalbert, entered the room and struck up a rapport with him. Over the next four hours, he convinced the shooter to give himself up to military police. Jalbert was hailed as a hero. The shooter served 10 years in prison for second-degree murder. It remains one of the deadliest acts of political violence and terrorism in Canadian history.