Browse "Cities"

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Victoria (BC)

Victoria, BC, incorporated as a city in 1862, population 85,792 (2016c), 80,017 (2011c). The capital of British Columbia, the City of Victoria is situated on the southern tip of Vancouver Island, about 100 km south of Vancouver. Occupying a peninsular site, Victoria is bordered by the Juan de Fuca and Haro straits. In addition, the Olympic Mountains lie to the south, the San Juan Islands to the east, and the fjord-like Saanich Inlet and richly forested Malahat Ridge and Sooke Hills to the west. Greater Victoria lies within the Capital Regional District (CRD), a federation comprising the following incorporated areas: the cities of Victoria, Colwood and Langford; the towns of Sidney and View Royal; and the municipalities of Saanich, Oak Bay, Esquimalt, Central Saanich, North Saanich, Sooke, Metchosin and Highlands. The CRD also includes the electoral areas of Juan de Fuca, the Southern Gulf Islands and Saltspring Island.

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Belleville

Belleville, ON, incorporated as a city in 1877, population 49 454 (2011c), 48 821 (2006c). The City of Belleville, the seat of Hastings County, is located on the Bay of Quinte, an arm of Lake Ontario about 180 km east of Toronto at the mouth of the Moira River.

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Brampton

Brampton, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1974, population 523 911 (2011c), 433 806 (2006c).

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Brandon

 From 1793 to 1832, 3 Hudson's Bay Company posts - each called Brandon House, most probably after the duke of Brandon, an ancestor of Lord Selkirk- were established in the Brandon area. Permanent settlement began in the late 1870s at Grand Valley, 3 km east, and the Brandon Hills.

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Brantford

Brantford, ON, incorporated as a city in 1877, population 97,496 (2016 census), 93,650 (2011 census). The City of Brantford is located on the Grand River, 104 km southwest of Toronto. It is home to several manufacturing industries, educational institutions and heritage sites.

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Brockville

Brockville, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1962, population 21 870 (2011c), 21 957 (2006c). The City of Brockville is located on the St Lawrence River, 80 km east of Kingston.

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Corner Brook

Corner Brook, NL, incorporated as a city in 1956, population 19 886 (2011c), 20 083 (2006c). The City of Corner Brook is located on Humber Arm of the Bay of Islands on Newfoundland's western coast.

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Brooks

Brooks, Alta, incorporated as a city in 2005, population 13 676 (2011c), 12 508 (2006c). The City of Brooks is located 185 km southeast of Calgary on the Trans-Canada Highway.

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Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville

The seigneury of Montarville was originally granted to Pierre Boucher de Boucherville Junior in 1710. The Boucherville family combined the last 6 letters of their name to the first 2 syllables of the French word for mountain (montagne).

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Burlington

Burlington, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1974, population 175 779 (2011c), 164 415 (2006c).

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Burnaby

Burnaby, BC, incorporated as a city in 1992, population 223 218 (2011c),  202 799 (2006c). Burnaby adjoins Vancouver on the west, Coquitlam on the east and New Westminster on the southeast.

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Bécancour

The city is named for René Robineau de Bécancour, who led an expedition against the Iroquois in 1696. The first French missionary contact with the local Abenaki occurred in 1669, and a permanent European settlement was established 3 years later.

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Val-Bélair

The name Bélair stems back to the original seigneury granted to Guillaume Bonhomme in 1682 by Governor Joseph-Antoine Le Febvre de LA BARRE and Intendant Jacques de MEULLES. In a 1733 census the seigneury was designated as "the fief commonly referred to as Bélair or Bonhomme.

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Calgary

Calgary, Alberta, incorporated as a city in 1894, population 1,239,220 (2016 c) 1,096,833 (2011 c). The city of Calgary is situated on the Bow River in southern Alberta, about 220 km north of the American border at the meeting point of the Western prairies and mountain foothills. It is the financial centre of western Canada, based on its key role in the development of the region’s oil and gas industry. With its panoramic backdrop of the Rocky Mountains and its historic association with cattle ranching and oil exploration, Calgary is one of Canada’s most identifiable cities.

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Cambridge

Cambridge, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1973, population 126 748 (2011c), 120 371 (2006c). The City of Cambridge, located along the GRAND RIVER, 55 km northwest of Hamilton near KITCHENER-WATERLOO.

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Campbell River

Campbell River, BC, incorporated as a city in 2005, population 31 186 (2011c), 29 572 (2006c). The City of Campbell River was formerly a village (1947) and a district municipality (1964) before receiving civic status in 2005.

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Campbellton

Campbellton, NB, incorporated as a city in 1958, population 7385 (2011c), 7384 (2006c). The City of Campbellton is the administrative centre of Restigouche County. Campbellton is located on the Québec border near the mouth of the RESTIGOUCHE RIVER.

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Camrose

Camrose, Alta, incorporated as a city in 1955, population 17 286 (2011c), 15 630 (2006c). The City of Camrose, located 97 km southeast of Edmonton, is a distributing, medical, government and manufacturing centre for a rich, mixed-farming area.

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Cap-de-la-Madeleine

Industrialization brought major residential construction. A second development phase began in 1938 with the opening of International Foils Ltd (Reynolds), which still operates.

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Capital Cities

Capital cities are the designated centres of formal political power and administrative authority in their respective territories.