Geographical features | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article

    Aberdeen Lake

    Aberdeen Lake, 1100 km2, elev 80 m, maximum length 91 km, is located in Nunavut, 213 km south of the Arctic Circle.

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  • Article

    Albany River

    Albany River, 982 km long, is the second longest and largest river in Ontario.

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  • Article

    Allison Pass

    Allison Pass, elevation 1,352 metres, is located at kilometre 60, the highest point on the Hope-Princeton Highway (opened 1949) through the Cascade Mountains of southern British Columbia.

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  • Article

    Alsek River

    The Alsek River originates in the highest mountains in Canada, the St Elias Range.

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  • Article

    Amadjuak Lake

    Amadjuak Lake, 3115 km2, elevation 113 m, is one of 2 lakes situated in the Great Plain of the Koukdjuak in south-central Baffin Island. This lower-lying area only emerged recently (in geological terms) from beneath the waters of Foxe Basin. Amadjuak Lake is the third-largest in Nunavut.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Amadjuak Lake
  • Article

    Amund Ringnes Island

    Amund Ringnes Island, 5255 km2, located between Ellef Ringnes and Axel Heiberg islands in the Arctic Archipelago. It is flat (highest point about 610 m) and windswept; in winter its coasts are virtually indistinguishable from the surrounding ice.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Amund Ringnes Island
  • Article

    Anderson River

    Anderson River, 692 km long, originates in a group of lakes north of Great Bear Lake in the Northwest Territories and meanders north and west to empty into Liverpool Bay, an arm of the Beaufort Sea, just east of the Mackenzie Delta.

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  • Article

    Annapolis Lowlands

    Following the retreat of glacial ice, about 13 000 years ago, the lowlands were nearly completely flooded by the sea to a height of 30 m.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Annapolis Lowlands
  • Article

    Anse du Cap des Rosiers

    Anse du Cap des Rosiers [Fr, "cove of the cape of rosebushes"] was named for the many wild rosebushes found there. The cape that forms the bay is a steep and shrub-covered promontory.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Anse du Cap des Rosiers
  • Article

    Anthony Island

    The overgrowth of lush vegetation has been cleared away from the remains of Ninstints's longhouses and totem poles, which pay silent homage to their creators.

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  • Article

    Arctic Archipelago

    Lying north of mainland Canada, the Arctic Archipelago consists of 94 major islands (greater than 130 km2) and 36,469 minor islands covering a total of 1.4 million km2. Apart from Greenland, which is almost entirely ice covered, the Canadian Arctic Archipelago forms the world's largest High Arctic land area.

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  • Article

    Arctic Circle

    The Arctic Circle is a parallel or line of latitude at approximately 66°33’ N that marks the border of the Arctic, the northernmost region of Earth. The geographic point at the centre of Arctic Circle is the North Pole. In Canada, communities located close to this cartographic boundary include Old Crow in the Yukon, Fort McPherson in the Northwest Territories, and Repulse Bay and Qikiqtarjuaq in Nunavut. The latitude of the Arctic Circle shifts slightly depending on the tilt of the Earth’s rotational axis.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Arctic Circle
  • Article

    Arctic Red River

    The Arctic Red River flows 499 km north-northwest from glaciers in the North Mackenzie Mountains, crossing 4 mountain ranges before it winds its way through the Mackenzie Lowlands, crossing the Arctic Circle and joining the MACKENZIE RIVER just south of the Mackenzie River Delta.

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  • Article

    Assiniboine River

    The Assiniboine River, 1070 km long and with a mean discharge of 45 m3/s, rises in southeastern Saskatchewan.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Assiniboine River
  • Article

    Athabasca Landing Trail

    Athabasca Landing Trail was established 1875 by Hudson's Bay Company between Edmonton and Athabasca Landing to improve and expand northern transportation.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Athabasca Landing Trail