Browse "Cities"

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Woodstock (Ont)

A major point in development came in 1853, with the arrival of the GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY; rail connection to Toronto came in 1880. Located in the heart of a rich farming area, the town was a milling centre in its early years.

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Windsor (Ont)

Windsor, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1892, population 210 891 (2011c), 216 473 (2006c). The City of Windsor is Canada's southernmost city and is located on the DETROIT RIVER in the extreme southwest corner of the province.

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Orillia

Orillia, Ont, incorporated as a village in 1867, as a town in 1875 and as a city in 1969, population 30 586 (2011c), 30 259 (2006c). The City of Orillia is located on the shores of lakes SIMCOE and Couchiching in central Ontario.

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Oshawa

Oshawa, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1924, population 149 607 (2011c), 141 590 (2006c). The City of Oshawa is located 52 km east of Toronto on LAKE ONTARIO.

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Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, incorporated as a city in 1855, population 934,243 (2016 c), 883,391 (2011 c). The City of Ottawa is the capital of Canada and is located on the Ottawa River on Ontario's eastern boundary with Québec, about 200 km west of Montréal. The name "Ottawa" is thought to derive from an Algonquian-speaking First Nation of the same name, probably from a word meaning "to trade" (see Odawa). Amalgamation, on 1 January 2001, merged "old" Ottawa with 11 area municipalities and the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton to create a “new” city. The amalgamated city encompasses the municipalities of Ottawa, Vanier, Nepean, Kanata, Gloucester and Cumberland; the townships of Rideau, West Carleton, Goulbourn and Osgoode; and the village of Rockcliffe Park.

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Owen Sound

Owen Sound, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1920, population 21 688 (2011c), 21 753 (2006c). The City of Owen Sound is located on an inlet at the south end of GEORGIAN BAY, at the outlet of the Sydenham and Pottawatomi rivers, 190 km northwest of Toronto.

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Parksville

Parksville, BC, incorporated as a city in 1986, population 11 977 (2011c), 10 993 (2006c). The City of Parksville is located on the east coast of VANCOUVER ISLAND, 35 km northwest of NANAIMO.

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Pembroke

Long associated with the lumber trade, the city currently produces wood and paper products in addition to other light manufacturing. The seat of Renfrew County, it is also the commercial and service centre of the region.

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Penticton

Penticton, BC, incorporated as a city in 1948, population 32 877 (2011c), 31 909 (2006c). The City of Penticton is nestledbetween Okanagan and Skaha lakes in south-central British Columbia.

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Peterborough

Founded in 1825, Peterborough was named the following year for Peterborough, New Hampshire, and intended as a compliment for Peter ROBINSON, who directed the settlement of a large number of Irish immigrants in the area.

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Pickering

Records indicate there were about 800 people living in the Township of Pickering in 1825. The area was heavily wooded and there were 3 sawmills and some shipbuilding at the mouth of the Rouge River.

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Pincourt

The name Pincourt goes back to the days of the fur traders and voyageurs who, on seeing the pine forest which at that time covered most of the western half of the island, described the trees as being rather short and dwarf-like in stature. They called the place Pins courts, that is, "short pines.

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Powell River

Powell River, BC, incorporated as a city in 2005, population 13 165 (2011c), 12 957 (2006c). The City of Powell River is located on the east side of the Strait of GEORGIA, 133 km northwest of Vancouver.

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Prince Rupert

Prince Rupert, BC, incorporated as a city in 1910, population 12,220 (2016 census), 12,508 (2011 census). The City of Prince Rupert is located on Kaien Island, at the mouth of the Skeena River in the Coast Mountains of British Columbia. It is Canada's wettest city, with an average of 2,619 mm of precipitation falling each year. Prince Rupert marks western end of the Yellowhead Trans-Canada Highway and, as Canada's deepest ice-free seaport, a link between the lower United States, Vancouver and Alaska. For these reasons it is the industrial, commercial and institutional centre for BC's Northwest Coast.

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Quesnel

Quesnel, BC, incorporated as a city in 1928, population 10 007 (2011c), 9326 (2006c). The City of Quesnel is located at the junction of the Quesnel and Fraser rivers in central British Columbia, 625 km northeast of Vancouver.

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Quinte West

Long occupied by Indigenous peoples, at the time of first European contact, the Mississauga (Ojibwa) occupied the region.

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Vanier (Qué)

Vanier, Qué, City, pop 11 054 (2001c), 11 174 (1996c), 10 833(1991c), area 4.59 km2, inc 1916, was originally named Québec-Ouest until 1966, when it was changed to Vanier in honour of Governor-General Georges-Philéas VANIER.

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Regina

Regina, Saskatchewan, founded in 1882, incorporated as a city in 1903, population 215,106 (2016 c), 193,100 (2011 c). The City of Regina is the capital, commercial and financial centre of Saskatchewan. Regina is situated 160 km north of the United States border. The city is set in a wide, level alluvial plain. It was named for Queen Victoria, mother-in-law of the Marquess of Lorne, governor general at the time of the city’s founding.

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Repentigny

Repentigny dates back to 1647 when Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny was granted a seigneury, but settlement did not occur until after 1670 when his son Jean-Baptiste was given the seigneury.

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Revelstoke

Revelstoke, BC, incorporated as a city in 1899, population 7139 (2011c), 7230 (2006c). The City of Revelstoke is situated on the Columbia River between the Selkirk and Monashee mountains, on the Trans-Canada Highway at the western entrance to Rogers Pass and Mount Revelstoke and glacier national parks.