Forts | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Forts"

Displaying 1-14 of 14 results
  • Article

    Crown Point

    Crown Point is a large peninsula strategically commanding the narrow passage of the southwestern portion of Lake CHAMPLAIN in upper New York State. It was initially the site of Fort Saint-Frédéric, built by the French in 1731 to defend French territory from English colonial invasion.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Crown Point
  • Article

    Fort Beauséjour

    Fort Beauséjour, on the west bank of the Missaguash River near present-day Sackville, New Brunswick was built 1751-55 by the French as a counter to nearby British Fort Lawrence (near Amherst, NS).

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Beauséjour
  • Article

    Fort Chambly

    In 1813, during the WAR OF 1812, construction of a vast military complex was undertaken. Insufficient maintenance reduced Chambly to a dilapidated condition, and it was abandoned in 1851. Private restoration in 1882-83 preserved the site, which became Fort Chambly National Historic Park in 1921.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Chambly
  • Article

    Fort Duquesne

    Fort Duquesne, located at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers at the site of present-day Pittsburgh, Penn, guarded the most important strategic location in the west at the time of the Seven Years' War.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Duquesne
  • Article

    Fort Frontenac

    Frontenac reoccupied the site, rebuilding the fort in 1695, and the post became known as Fort Frontenac. Reinforced by troops under François-Charles de Bourlamaque and later the Marquis de MONTCALM, it nevertheless fell to the British under John Bradstreet in August 1758.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Frontenac
  • Article

    Fort Haldimand

    Fort Haldimand, located on the west promontory of Carleton Island at the east end of Lake Ontario, about 16 km offshore from Kingston, Ontario, was built by the British in 1778 during the American Revolution.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Haldimand
  • Article

    Fort Henry

    Fort Henry, KINGSTON, Ont, was originally built during the WAR OF 1812 on Point Henry, beside Lake Ontario, to guard the outlet to the St Lawrence River and the Kingston Navy Yards.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Henry
  • Article

    Fort Michilimackinac

    Fort Michilimackinac (Michigan) refers to three distinct military posts at the Straits of Mackinac between lakes Huron and Michigan. French explorers arrived by 1634, establishing a mission on the north mainland in 1671 and a fort in 1690 (St Ignace, Mich).

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Michilimackinac
  • Article

    Fort Niagara

    Throughout the American Revolution, Fort Niagara was the major British supply depot for the Loyalist provincial troops, Butler's Rangers, and Seneca allies who raided rebel supply lines.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Niagara
  • Article

    Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga)

    Fort Carillon was built in 1755 on the orders of the governor of New France, Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil. Situated at the junction of Lake George and Lake Champlain, the fort was intended to reinforce France's military presence in an area contested by the British colonies. In 1759, Fort Carillon was abandoned by the French and renamed Fort Ticonderoga by the British. (See Seven Years’ War.)

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga)
  • Article

    Garrison Towns

    In 1662 Placentia had a garrison of 25 French soldiers. Its growing importance as the centre of the French fishing fleet meant an increase of its garrison to about 150 by 1704. It was fear of this garrison town that provoked the first British garrison at St John's in 1696.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Garrison Towns
  • Article

    Halifax Citadel

    The general introduction of rifled artillery (with greater range and accuracy than earlier guns) shortly after completion of the Citadel rendered the costly installation obsolescent. It was partially rearmed in the 1860s and 1870s, and continued in use as a barracks into the 20th century.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Halifax Citadel
  • Article

    Martello Tower

    The 16 squat, flat-roofed towers built in British North America from 1796 to 1848 were distributed as follows: Halifax (5), Saint John (1), Québec City (4) and Kingston (6). The towers were built during times of tension with the United States.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Martello Tower
  • Article

    Toronto Feature: Fort York

    This article is from our Toronto Feature series. Features from past programs are not updated.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Toronto Feature: Fort York

Challenge yourself - take the CC Quiz!

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a project of Historica Canada, a non-profit, nonpartisan organization devoted to teaching Canadians more about our shared country.  We also produce the Heritage Minutes and other programs. If you believe all Canadians should have access to free, impartial, fact-checked, regularly updated information about Canada’s history and culture in both official languages, please consider donating today. All donations above $3 will receive a tax receipt.

Book a Speaker