LGBTQ2S | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "LGBTQ2S"

Displaying 1-15 of 20 results
  • Article

    Aiyyana Maracle

    Aiyyana Maracle, multidisciplinary Haudenosaunee artist, performer, storyteller and educator (born 25 November 1950 on Six Nations of the Grand River, ON; died there, 24 April 2016). An Indigenous transgender woman, Maracle created art that focused on the decolonization of gender. Her work received critical acclaim and was widely inspirational. She is believed to have been the first Indigenous woman to have received the John Hirsch Prize. This is a prestigious national award for emerging directors in Canadian theatre.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Aiyyana Maracle
  • Article

    Clémence DesRochers

    Clémence DesRochers, actress, humorist, singer and author (b at Sherbrooke, Qué 24 Nov 1934). Daughter of the poet Alfred DESROCHERS, she is the most famous female monologist of her generation in Québec.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Clémence DesRochers
  • Article

    Clémence DesRochers

    Clémence DesRochers. Monologuist, comedian, singer-songwriter, actress, broadcaster, artist, b Sherbrooke, Que, 23 Nov 1933; honorary doctorate (Sherbrooke) 1994.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Clémence DesRochers
  • Article

    Gender Identity

    The term “gender identity” refers to an individual’s sense of their own gender, or the gender they feel is most in keeping with how they see themselves.

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  • Article


    Homosexuality can be characterized as sexual attraction or "sexual orientation" towards others of one's own sex. Homosexuals may be male ("gay") or female ("lesbian"). Like heterosexual behaviour, homosexual behaviour ranges from anonymous sex, promiscuity and prostitution to romantic affairs and lifelong faithful relationships.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Homosexuality
  • Macleans

    Impending Same-Sex Marriage Legislation

    IT'S NOT THE kind of crowd given to chants, placards, or burning brands. Greying, neatly pressed, well-mannered, they line up patiently at the open microphone.

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  • Article

    Jamie Lee Hamilton

    Jamie Lee Hamilton, community activist, politician (born 20 September 1955 in Vancouver, BC; died 23 December 2019 in Vancouver, BC). Hamilton spent much of her career working as an advocate for sex workers, the transgender community, and missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. She holds the distinction of being the first transgender person in Canada to run for political office. (See also Queer Culture.)

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  • Article

    Jim Egan

    James Leo (Jim) Egan, gay activist, writer, politician, environmental activist (born 14 September 1921 in Toronto, ON; died 9 March 2000 in Courtenay, BC). Egan was the first person to publish long articles written from a gay point of view in Canada. He was also one of the first openly gay politicians to serve in Canada. Egan is best remembered for a court challenge he and his partner, Jack Nesbit, launched against the spousal allowance benefit under the Old Age Security Act in 1988. In the subsequent Egan v. Canada decision (1995), the Supreme Court read in that sexual orientation is a protected ground of discrimination in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms — a monumental finding in support of LGBTQ2 rights in Canada.

    "!feature-img-thumbnails/jim-egan-tweet.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php!feature-img-thumbnails/jim-egan-tweet.jpg Jim Egan
  • Article

    Kathleen Wynne

    Kathleen O’Day Wynne, 25th premier of Ontario 2013–18, member of provincial parliament 2003–present, school trustee, community activist, mediator, teacher (born 21 May 1953 in Toronto, ON). The skills of a mediator, coupled with a strong sense of will, propelled Kathleen Wynne’s political career, making her Ontario’s first woman premier and Canada’s first openly gay head of government.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Kathleen Wynne
  • Article

    k.d. lang

    k.d. (Kathryn Dawn) lang. Singer, songwriter, born Edmonton 2 Nov 1961; hon LLD (Alberta) 2008.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php k.d. lang
  • Macleans

    k.d. lang (Profile)

    This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on November 6, 1995. Partner content is not updated.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php k.d. lang (Profile)
  • Article

    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights in Canada

    Since the late 1960s, the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in Canada has seen steady gains in rights. While discrimination against LGBT people persists in many places, major strides toward mainstream social acceptance and formal legal equality have nonetheless been made in recent decades. Canada is internationally regarded as a leader in this field. Recent years have seen steady progress on everything from health care to the right to adopt. In 2005, Canada became the fourth country worldwide to legalize same-sex marriage.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights in Canada
  • Article

    Canada’s Cold War Purge of LGBTQ from Public Service

    Between the 1950s and the 1990s, the Canadian government responded to national security concerns generated by Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union by spying on, exposing and removing suspected LGBTQ individuals from the federal public service and the Canadian Armed Forces. They were cast as social and political subversives and seen as targets for blackmail by communist regimes seeking classified information. These characterizations were justified by arguments that people who engaged in same-sex relations suffered from a “character weakness” and had something to hide because their sexuality was considered a taboo and, under certain circumstances, was illegal. As a result, the RCMP investigated large numbers of people. Many of them were fired, demoted or forced to resign — even if they had no access to security information. These measures were kept out of public view to prevent scandal and to keep counter-espionage operations under wraps. In 2017, the federal government issued an official apology for its discriminatory actions and policies, along with a $145-million compensation package.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada’s Cold War Purge of LGBTQ from Public Service
  • Article

    LGBTQ+ Refugees in Canada

    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ+) refugees face unique challenges when they flee persecution in their home countries and come to Canada to seek protection. Many countries in the world continue to criminalize and prosecute members of the LGBTQ+ community. Canada has been a leader in recognizing LGBTQ+ refugee claims and resettling refugees fleeing persecution based on their sexual orientation and gender-based identity.

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  • Article

    Michelle Douglas

    Michelle Douglas, LGBTQ activist and advocate, humanitarian, civil servant (born 30 December 1963 in Ottawa,ON). Michelle Douglas began a promising career in the Canadian Armed Forces in 1986 but was honourably discharged for being a lesbian. She launched a successful lawsuit against the military that resulted in the end of its discriminatory policy against gays and lesbians. Douglas has gone on to work with numerous charitable organizations and was director of international relations at the Department of Justice. In September 2019, she became executive director of the LGBT Purge Fund.

    " for guide.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php for guide.jpg Michelle Douglas

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