Regions | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Article


    The importance of Beringia is twofold: it provided a pathway for intercontinental exchanges of plants and animals during glacial periods and for interoceanic exchanges during interglacials; it has been a centre of evolution and has supported apparently unique plant and animal communities.

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  • Article

    Cassiar District

    The Cassiar District lies in British Columbia's northwest corner; it historically encompasses the Stikine and Dease River watersheds and that of the upper Taku, NASS and Kechika.

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  • Article


    The paucity of precipitation in deserts is due to one or a combination of causes.

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  • Article

    Drainage Basin

    A drainage basin is an area of land that contributes the water it receives as precipitation to a river or network of rivers.

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  • Editorial

    Drought in Palliser's Triangle

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated.

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  • Article


    Eastmain (or East Main) refers to the east shore of Hudson Bay, although in the 1680s the term was restricted to the vicinity of the Eastmain River. The corresponding reference to the west shore of Hudson Bay is the Westmain (West Main).

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  • Article


    Foothills, a region of rolling, undulating or hilly terrain lying between an area of plains and a mountain range.

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  • Article


    Main Forest TypesWorldwide there are 3 main forest types related directly to climatic zones: equatorial- and tropical-region forests, temperate-zone forests, and forests associated with colder climates.

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  • Article

    Forest Regions

    A forest region is a major geographic belt or zone characterized by a broad uniformity both in physiography and in the composition of the dominant tree species. Canada can be divided into eight forest regions.

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  • Article

    Fraser River Lowland

    The Fraser River Lowland is a triangular area in southwestern British Columbia. The eastern apex of the triangle is at Hope, about 160 km inland from the Strait of Georgia. From here, the lowland broadens to the west to a width of about 50 km. The international boundary between British Columbia and Washington State crosses the southwestern part of the lowland. The Coast Mountains form the northern boundary of the delta-lowland. The Fraser River Lowland is the largest area of level land with suitable agricultural soils in coastal British Columbia.

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  • Article

    Height of Land

    Height of land, a region of high ground that may act as a watershed.

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  • Article

    Holland Marsh

    Holland Marsh, 2900 ha of organic (muck) soil, is located near Bradford West Gwillimbury, Ont, 50 km north of Toronto.

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  • Article

    Horton Plain

    The vegetation is low arctic tundra in the N, dominated by dwarf shrubs and grasses, and woodland in the S, consisting of scattered, stunted spruce with a lichen carpet. The summer range and calving grounds of the large Bluenose caribou herd lie within this region.

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  • Article

    Innuitian Region

    The Innuitian Region (also known as the Innuitian Orogen) is one of Canada’s six geological regions.

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  • Article

    James Bay

    James Bay is the southern appendage of Hudson Bay. It is about 160 km wide between Pointe Louis-XIV on the east coast and Cape Henrietta Marie on the west.

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