Northwest Territories | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Northwest Territories"

Displaying 1-7 of 7 results
  • Article

    Intergenerational Trauma and Residential Schools

    Historical trauma occurs when trauma caused by historical oppression is passed down through generations. For more than 100 years, the Canadian government supported residential school programs that isolated Indigenous children from their families and communities (see Residential Schools in Canada). Under the guise of educating and preparing Indigenous children for their participation in Canadian society, the federal government and other administrators of the residential school system committed what has since been described as an act of cultural genocide. As generations of students left these institutions, they returned to their home communities without the knowledge, skills or tools to cope in either world. The impacts of their institutionalization in residential school continue to be felt by subsequent generations. This is called intergenerational trauma.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_1035738016.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_1035738016.jpg Intergenerational Trauma and Residential Schools
  • Article

    Inuit Experiences at Residential School

    Residential schools were government-sponsored religious schools created to assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture. Schools in the North were run by missionaries for nearly a century before the federal government began to open new, so-called modern institutions in the 1950s. This was less than a decade after a Special Joint Committee (see Indigenous Suffrage) found that the system was ineffectual. The committee’s recommendations led to the eventual closure of residential schools across the country.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/InuitResidentialSchool/Inuit-Residenital-School (Library and Archives Canada_PA-042133).jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/InuitResidentialSchool/Inuit-Residenital-School (Library and Archives Canada_PA-042133).jpg Inuit Experiences at Residential School
  • Article

    Lillian Elias

    Lillian Elias (whose Inuvialuktun name is Panigavluk) is a teacher, language activist and a residential school Survivor (born 1943 in the Mackenzie Delta, NT). Influenced by her time at residential school, where administrators attempted to forcefully strip her of her language and culture, Elias has spent much of her life promoting and preserving her first language, Inuvialuktun (see Inuvialuit).

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/LillianElias/Lillian Elias_Screencap.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/LillianElias/Lillian Elias_Screencap.jpg Lillian Elias
  • Article

    Métis Experiences at Residential School

    Although the first residential schools in Canada were established with the intention of assimilating First Nations children into Euro-Canadian culture, Métis and Inuit children were also institutionalized in such facilities. Métis children experienced similar day-to-day conditions to those of other students in residential schools, but they were often considered “outsiders” by their peers and administrators. This perception affected their experiences within these institutions in particular ways.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/MetisExperiences/Webp.net-resizeimage.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/MetisExperiences/Webp.net-resizeimage.jpg Métis Experiences at Residential School
  • Article

    Northwest Territories

    The Northwest Territories lie northwest of central Canada, bordered to the east by Nunavut, to the west by the Yukon and to the south by the northeastern corner of British Columbia, as well as the entire northern borders of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The name was originally applied to the territory acquired in 1870 from the Hudson's Bay Company and Great Britain: Rupert’s Land and the North-Western Territory. In 1880 Great Britain also transferred to Canada the arctic islands, north of the mainland, thereby adding to the territories. The acquisition of the NWT was a major component of the Canadian government’s desire, led by Sir John A. MacDonald, to construct a British nation in North America and to guard against the potential incursion of American settlers.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/990fab4d-1900-4928-acde-c8b11f9c52dd.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/990fab4d-1900-4928-acde-c8b11f9c52dd.jpg Northwest Territories
  • Article

    Northwest Territories and Confederation

    The Northwest Territories (NWT) entered Confederation in 1870 after Canada acquired Rupert’s Land and the North-Western Territory from the Hudson’s Bay Company. The smaller territory now known as the NWT is what remains after the creation of several other provinces and territories out of the original 1870 lands.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/a08da9c3-b38b-4f80-a425-a29b706528af.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/a08da9c3-b38b-4f80-a425-a29b706528af.jpg Northwest Territories and Confederation
  • Article

    Resistance and Residential Schools

    Residential schools were government-sponsored religious schools that many Indigenous children were forced to attend. They were established to assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture. Indigenous parents and children did not simply accept the residential-school system. Indigenous peoples fought against – and engaged with – the state, schools and other key players in the system. For the duration of the residential-school era, parents acted in the best interests of their children and communities. The children responded in ways that would allow them to survive.

    "https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/ResistanceandResidentialSchools/a101771-v8.jpg" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php
    
    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/ResistanceandResidentialSchools/a101771-v8.jpg Resistance and Residential Schools

Challenge yourself - take the CC Quiz!

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a project of Historica Canada, a non-profit, nonpartisan organization devoted to teaching Canadians more about our shared country.  We also produce the Heritage Minutes and other programs. If you believe all Canadians should have access to free, impartial, fact-checked, regularly updated information about Canada’s history and culture in both official languages, please consider donating today. All donations above $3 will receive a tax receipt.

Book a Speaker