Laws & Programs | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Laws & Programs"

Displaying 1-15 of 40 results
  • Article

    Agricultural Stabilization Board

    Agricultural Stabilization Board, established under the federal Agricultural Stabilization Act of 1958, is intended to provide income support to producers in periods of depressed market returns.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Agricultural Stabilization Board
  • Article

    Agriculture and Food Policy

    Federal agricultural policy is intended to serve national economic and political goals as well as the interests of those directly involved in and affected by Canadian agriculture - primarily producers, food processors, distributors, retailers and consumers.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Agriculture and Food Policy
  • Article

    Alberta Research Council

    The Alberta Research Council, the oldest provincial research organization, was established by order-in-council as the Scientific and Industrial Research Council of Alberta in 1921. Instrumental in founding the organization were J.L. COTÉ, provincial secretary, and H.M.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Alberta Research Council
  • Article

    Anti-Inflation Act Reference

    The Anti-Inflation Act was a temporary and extraordinary measure instituted by the government of Pierre Trudeau in an attempt to control high unemployment and inflation.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Anti-Inflation Act Reference
  • Article

    Anti-Inflation Board

    Anti-Inflation Board, established by Act of Parliament in late 1975 to administer a wage-and-price-control program. Although the program was phased out during 1978, the AIB did not cease all operations until 1979. Because of its examination of company profits, close to $323.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Anti-Inflation Board
  • Article

    Architectural Competitions

    An architectural competition occurs when designs are prepared by two or more architects for the same project, on the same site, at the same time. Some competitions are open, meaning that any architect within a designated area is eligible to enter.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Architectural Competitions
  • Article

    Budgetary Process

    Canada's federal and provincial governments follow a budgetary process, designed to ensure control, accountability and planning in the spending of public money.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Budgetary Process
  • Article

    Canada Corn Act

    Canada Corn Act, passed in 1843 by the British Parliament and applying to all grains, allowed Canadian wheat to enter the British market at a nominal duty, and flour manufactured in Canada at a proportionate rate.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada Corn Act
  • Article

    Canada Land Inventory

    Canada Land Inventory is a comprehensive federal-provincial survey of LAND capability and use for regional resource and land-use planning established under the Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development Act in 1961.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada Land Inventory
  • Article

    Canada Pension Plan

    The Canada Pension Plan (CPP) is an earnings-related public pension plan. The CPP makes a monthly payment to Canadians and their families to partially replace their income after retirement, disability or death. Working Canadians make regular contributions to the CPP in order to be eligible. The CPP covers all Canadian workers except those in Quebec who are covered by the parallel Quebec Pension Plan (QPP). The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) manages CPP assets, making it one of the largest pension fund managers in the world. As of 31 March 2021, CPPIB ended its 2021 fiscal year with net assets of 497.2 billion.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada Pension Plan
  • Article

    Canada Savings Bonds

    Canada Savings Bonds differ from other government bonds in that they can be cashed at any bank for the face value plus accrued interest. They cannot be sold by the original buyer but must be held until cashed or until they mature (usually in 7 years) from the time they were bought.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada Savings Bonds
  • Article

    Canada-US Auto Pact

    The Automotive Products Trade Agreement of 1965, better known as the Canada-US Auto Pact, led to the integration of the Canadian and US auto industries in a shared North American market. While it brought great benefits to Canada, it was eventually found to be contrary to international trade rules and was cancelled in 2001. By then it had accomplished its biggest goal — an integrated North American industry with a much stronger Canadian presence.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada-US Auto Pact
  • Article

    Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Programs

    Temporary foreign worker programs are regulated by the federal government and allow employers to hire foreign nationals on a temporary basis to fill gaps in their workforces. Each province and territory also has its own set of policies that affect the administration of the programs. Canada depends on thousands of migrant workers every year to bolster its economy and to support its agricultural, homecare, and other lower-wage sectors. In 2014, there were 567,077 migrant workers employed in Canada, with migrant farm workers making up 12 per cent of Canada’s agricultural workforce. A growing labour shortage is projected to increase, with a study by the Conference Board of Canada projecting 113,800 unfilled jobs by 2025.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Programs
  • Article

    Canadian Democracy and Corporate Accountability Commission

    Created in 2000, the privately funded Canadian Democracy and Corporate Accountability Commission (CDCAC) was co-chaired by Canadian publisher Avie Bennett and ex-NDP leader Ed Broadbent.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canadian Democracy and Corporate Accountability Commission
  • Article

    Canadian Free Trade Agreement

    The Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) is an inter-governmental trade agreement regulating trade within Canada. It took effect on 1 July 2017. The goal of the agreement was to reduce or eliminate regulations against the free movement of goods, services, and investments within Canada. The officials who framed the new deal said they wanted to ensure that Canadian firms got the same access to the Canadian market as firms from the country’s international trading partners. CFTA also more closely matches the terms of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA), which began taking effect in 2017.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Canadian Free Trade Agreement