Western and Northwestern Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Western and Northwestern Canada"

Displaying 1-15 of 60 results
  • Article

    107th Timber Wolf Battalion

    The 107th (Timber Wolf) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, known officially as the 107th (Winnipeg) Battalion, was an infantry battalion established during the First World War. After it arrived in Britain, the unit was converted to a pioneer battalion and served on the Western Front in France and Belgium. It was later absorbed into an engineer brigade. About half the unit’s soldiers were Indigenous Canadians.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/107thTimberWolfBattalion/107th_cap_badge.jpg 107th Timber Wolf Battalion
  • Article

    André Nault

    André Nault, Métis leader, farmer, and buffalo hunter (born 20 April 1830 in Point Douglas, Red River Colony [now Winnipeg, MB]; died 17 December 1924 in St Vital, MB). Although a kinsman of Louis Riel and always considered a Métis, Nault was not of mixed blood (his mother and father were French Canadian).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Flickr/4892749341_a5c8b85f32---resized.jpg André Nault
  • Article

    Andrew Graham

    Andrew Graham, fur trader (b probably near Edinburgh, Scot c 1733; d at Prestonpans, Scot 8 Sept 1815). Graham worked for the Hudson's Bay Company at Churchill, York Factory and Ft Severn (1749-75).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_508694599.jpg Andrew Graham
  • Article

    Andrew Onderdonk

    Andrew Onderdonk, contractor (b at New York City c 1849; d at Oscawana, NY 21 June 1905).

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimeextralarge_1030000095.jpg Andrew Onderdonk
  • Article

    Arthur Evans

    Arthur Evans"Slim" (b at Toronto 1890; d at Vancouver 1944). Slim Evans was a colourful socialist and trade union organizer who played the leading role in organizing the On to Ottawa Trek of 1935.

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    https://development.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/images/tce_placeholder.jpg Arthur Evans
  • Article

    Aylesworth Bowen Perry

    Aylesworth Bowen Perry, police officer (b at Violet, Ont 21 Aug 1860; d at Ottawa 14 Feb 1956). As commissioner of the NWMP, Perry transformed the police from a romantic frontier force into a modern national police force.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/Aylesworth_Bowen_Perry.jpg Aylesworth Bowen Perry
  • Article

    Barr Colonists

    Leadership passed to his rival, the Reverend George Lloyd, after whom the colony's first town was named Lloydminster in July 1903. Despite initial setbacks, the Barr colonists opened up the vast area west of Saskatoon.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/94afb778-e678-4eb6-999e-e723944f1edd.jpg Barr Colonists
  • Editorial

    Barr: An All-English Agrarian Settlement in the Prairies

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated. "The English race gets continually into the most unheard of scrapes all over the world by reason of its insular prejudices and superiority to advice; but somehow they muddle through and when they do they are on the ground to hold it." Manitoba Free Press, December 1903

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/f64936a3-133d-4589-831d-04059009e258.jpg Barr: An All-English Agrarian Settlement in the Prairies
  • Article

    Peter Bostonais Pangman

    Peter (or Pierre) Bostonais Pangman, Métis leader, bison hunter (born 20 October 1791 in the North Saskatchewan River Valley area, present-day AB; died 4 March 1850 in St. François Xavier, present-day MB). Peter Bostonais Pangman was a skilled hunter who helped provide much-needed bison meat to the Red River Colony. He was actively involved in the Pemmican Wars and events surrounding the Battle of Seven Oaks. As part of the Pembina fur trade, Pangman was a key figure who rallied and inspired the Red River Valley Métis to see and express themselves with an identity separate from surrounding Indigenous peoples. The name Bostonais is variously spelled Bastonnais and Bostonnais.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/Categories_Placeholders/Dreamstime/dreamstimemaximum_35118738202.jpg Peter Bostonais Pangman
  • Article

    Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear)

    Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear), Plains Cree chief (born near Fort Carlton, SK; died 17 January 1888 on the Little Pine Reserve, SK). Mistahimaskwa is best known for his refusal to sign Treaty 6 in 1876 and for his band’s involvement in violent conflicts associated with the 1885 North-West Resistance.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/d3f8c588-0cfa-414d-b360-98aa3449b9e1.jpg Mistahimaskwa (Big Bear)
  • Article

    Black Fur Traders in Canada

    The role of Black people within the history of the fur trade is rarely considered. Black people were rarely in a position to write their own stories, so often those stories went untold. This owes to a complex set of factors including racism and limited access to literacy. Black people are also not the focus of many historical documents. However, historians have identified several Black fur traders working in different roles, and even an entire family of Black fur traders who left their mark on history.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/home-page-images/por-1261-r1.jpg Black Fur Traders in Canada
  • Article

    Bunkhouse Men

    Partly as a result of this, but primarily because jobs moved around, bunkhouse men were highly mobile, tramping within regions and sometimes across the country to find work. They were also often at the forefront of labour radicalism.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/media/6d29ce94-952e-4576-b683-b58d2866e20c.jpg Bunkhouse Men
  • Article

    Catherine Schubert

    Catherine Schubert (born 23 April 1835 in Rathfriland, County Down, Ireland; died 18 July 1918 in Armstrong, British Columbia). Catherine Schubert was the only female member of the 1862 Overlanders, a group of some 150 settlers who travelled from Fort Garry (now Winnipeg, Manitoba) to the interior of British Columbia, following the Cariboo Gold Rush.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/CatherineSchubert/Catherine_Schubert.jpg Catherine Schubert
  • Article

    Charles Constantine

    Charles Constantine, mounted policeman (b at Bradford, Yorkshire 13 Nov 1849; d at Long Beach, Calif 5 May 1912). Immigrating to Canada as a young man, Constantine was a member of the Red River Expedition sent against Louis Riel and the Manitoba Métis in 1870.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/CharlesConstantine.jpg Charles Constantine
  • Article

    Cowboys and Cowgirls in Canada

    Cowboys and cowgirls are people employed to tend cattle or horses. The first cowboys to work on the Canadian prairies arrived in the 1870s. The traditional cowboy lifestyle has since given way to a more contained, corporate model of ranching. But the romanticized image of the cowboy on the “open range” lives on as a symbol of the prairies. Today, the terms cowboy and cowgirl can refer to ranch workers or rodeo competitors. Click here for definitions of key terms used in this article.

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    https://d2ttikhf7xbzbs.cloudfront.net/media/new_article_images/CowboysandCowgirls/Branding_1959.jpg Cowboys and Cowgirls in Canada

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